MOTOR NEURONE DISEASE
Motor neurone disease (MND) is a rare group of neuro-degenerative conditions, which affect the motor systems of the brain and spinal cord. As a result, voluntary muscle activity including speaking, walking, breathing, swallowing and general movement of the body is weakened. There are five recognised subtypes of MND distinguished by the nerve cells affected, upper motor neuron and lower motor neuron. These include; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Primary lateral sclerosis, Progressive muscular atrophy, Progressive bulbar palsy and Pseudobular palsy.
The key role of a Neuro Physiotherapist for those suffering from MND, is to maintain muscle length and joint range in conjunction with advise on appropriate orthotics to aid maintenance of muscle length. Furthermore to work on pelvic and trunk mobility, postural re-education, maintaining static and dynamic balance and functional level of ability.
Recognising the progressive nature of the disease, it is essential that the individual’s clinical presentation and level of ability is continually reassessed to ensure the treatment is specific to their current needs. Finally and most importantly our aim is improve the individual’s quality of life.