TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a nondegenerative, noncongenital insult to the brain from an externalmechanical force, possibly leading to permanent or temporary impairment of cognitive, physical,and psychosocial functions, with an associated diminished or altered state of consciousness.
TBI occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain, such as; falls vehicle accidents andviolence. Classification of a TBI is normally done in accordance with the Glasgow Coma Scale and itis generally agreed that a TBI with a GCS of 13 or above is mild, 9–12 is moderate, and 8 or below issevere.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a complex injury with a broad spectrum of symptoms and disabilities.Which include cognitive, speech and language, sensory, perceptual, visual, hearing and motorimpairments. Therefore it is integral that as neuro physiotherapists that during our assessmentand treatment we integrate sensory and motor skills to ensure a comprehensive understanding ofthe individuals presentation is formulated and in turn appropriate intervention is provided. At theBirkdale Clinic we have particular interest and expertise with visual motor impairments and are ableto apply innovative treatment techniques to address these.